Honeybee salivary glands

The anatomy of the honeybees salivary glands can be confusing. There are four different glands which secrete through the bees mouth, and their functions are not fully understood. Between them they are responsible for some digestive functions, plus chemical communication, defensive roles and feeding of larvae. This video aims to explain these important structures.  

Mandible images

I have added some images of the mandibles. These show the groove where the secretions of the mandibular gland run down the mandibles. Please see the gallery for images…